The dog breed Pekingese, information and characteristics

The Pekingese is a unique and delightful dog breed known for its long history and distinctive physical characteristics. Originating in ancient China, the Pekingese has royal roots and is considered one of the oldest lapdog breeds. Let’s dive into the information and characteristics of the Pekingese breed.

History and Origin of Pekingese:

The Pekingese has a fascinating history that dates back over 2,000 years. They were bred as companions for Chinese nobility and were highly revered in the imperial courts of ancient China. According to historical records, these small dogs were specifically bred to resemble mythical Chinese lions. Their name “Pekingese” comes from the 19th-century Western name for Beijing, which was Peking at that time.

Physical Characteristics of Pekingese:

  1. Size and Weight:
  2. Pekingese are small, compact dogs with a sturdy build. They typically weigh between 7 to 14 pounds (3 to 6 kilograms) and stand about 6 to 9 inches (15 to 23 centimeters) tall at the shoulder.

  3. Facial Features:
  4. One of the most distinctive features of the Pekingese is their flat, wide face. They have a broad, wrinkled forehead with a short, flat muzzle and a pushed-in nose. Their large, round, and dark eyes give them a soulful and expressive look.

  5. Coat and Colors:
  6. Pekingese have a luxurious double coat that consists of a coarse and straight outer coat and a soft and dense undercoat. They come in a variety of colors, including fawn, black, white, red, and cream, with or without black masks.

Temperament and Personality Traits of Pekingese:

  1. Loyal and Protective:
  2. Pekingese are renowned for their loyalty and devotion to their families. They form strong bonds with their owners and are known to be fiercely protective, making them excellent watchdogs.

  3. Independent and Stubborn:
  4. While Pekingese are affectionate, they also have an independent and stubborn nature. It’s important to establish consistent and firm leadership during training to overcome any challenges that may arise.

  5. Affectionate and Devoted:
  6. Despite their independent streak, Pekingese are affectionate and loving pets. They enjoy spending quality time with their families and thrive on attention and companionship.

Health and Care of Pekingese:

  1. Common Health Issues:
  2. Pekingese are prone to certain health issues, including brachycephalic syndrome, eye problems, breathing difficulties, dental problems, and joint issues. Regular veterinary check-ups are essential for maintaining their overall health.

  3. Grooming Needs:
  4. The Pekingese’s luxurious coat requires regular grooming to prevent matting and tangling. This includes daily brushing, occasional baths, and routine maintenance of their eyes, ears, and teeth.

  5. Exercise Requirements:
  6. Pekingese have relatively low exercise needs and are well-suited for apartment living. Daily short walks, interactive play sessions, and mental stimulation activities are sufficient to keep them physically and mentally stimulated.

Training and Socialization of Pekingese:

Pekingese can be independent and strong-willed, so early socialization and consistent, positive reinforcement training are crucial. They respond best to gentle yet firm training methods that include treats, praise, and patience.

Best Living Environment for Pekingese:

Pekingese thrive in a comfortable and calm environment. They adapt well to both city dwellings and suburban areas, as long as they have a safe space to explore and regular access to their family members.

Is Pekingese the Right Breed for You?

As with any dog breed, it’s important to consider various factors, including your lifestyle, time commitment, and ability to meet their specific needs. Pekingese make wonderful companions for experienced dog owners who appreciate their unique traits and are willing to provide them with the care, attention, and love they deserve.

By understanding the history, physical characteristics, temperament, care needs, and training requirements of the Pekingese breed, you can determine whether this delightful and regal companion is the right fit for you and your family.

History and Origin of Pekingese

History and Origin of Pekingese - The dog breed Pekingese, information and characteristics

Photo Credits: Mydogface.Com by George Hernandez

The splendid background and roots of the Pekingese breed date back to ancient China. These diminutive canines, reminiscent of toys, held esteemed status as they were exclusively possessed by Chinese emperors. According to legend, these dogs were meticulously crafted to mirror the majestic lions, symbolizing attributes like strength and valor. The Pekingese dogs were highly cherished for their unwavering loyalty and affectionate temperament. Even today, these marvelous creatures continue to captivate individuals and admirers alike with their regal disposition and illustrious past. If you are contemplating welcoming a Pekingese into your life, it is imperative to shower them with the immense love and care they deserve to maintain their honorable heritage.

Physical Characteristics of Pekingese

Physical Characteristics of Pekingese - The dog breed Pekingese, information and characteristics

Photo Credits: Mydogface.Com by Bradley Perez

The Physical Characteristics of Pekingese are as alluring as they are fascinating. From their size and weight to their unique facial features and magnificent coat and colors, these adorable dogs possess a charm that captivates anyone who lays eyes on them. Get ready to dive into the world of Pekingese aesthetics as we explore each sub-section, shedding light on the distinct traits that make these furry companions truly remarkable.

Size and Weight

The size and weight of Pekingese dogs can vary, but they generally fall into a small and compact category. Here is a table outlining the average size and weight of Pekingese dogs:

Size Weight
Small 6-14 pounds
Compact 6-9 inches in height at the shoulder

It’s important to note that there can be some variations within the breed, and individual Pekingese dogs may fall slightly outside of these ranges. This table provides a general idea of the size and weight you can expect from a Pekingese dog.

Facial Features

The facial features of Pekingese dogs are distinct and contribute to their unique appearance. Here are some key characteristics:

  1. Flat face: Pekingese have a brachycephalic muzzle, which means their face is pushed in and flat.
  2. Large, wide-set eyes: Their cute and expressive look is enhanced by their large, round eyes.
  3. Pug nose: Pekingese have a short and wrinkled snout, also known as a pug nose.
  4. Ear feathering: They possess long, feathery hair that gracefully hangs down from their ears.
  5. Muzzle wrinkles: Adding to their adorable appearance, Pekingese often have wrinkles or folds on their face.

These facial features greatly contribute to the distinct and adorable look of Pekingese dogs.

The Pekingese breed showcases a rich history that spans over 2,000 years. They held immense reverence in ancient China and served as sacred companions to Chinese emperors. Legend has it that they were selectively bred to resemble Chinese lions, symbolizing power and protection. These distinctive facial features, accompanied by their dignified demeanor, continue to captivate dog lovers worldwide, cementing their position as a beloved breed today.

Coat and Colors


Coat and Colors Description
Coat Pekingese dogs have a luxurious double coat that requires regular grooming to keep it healthy and beautiful.
Colors Pekingese dogs have a distinctive coat that comes in various colors.
Fawn A light tan or beige color.
Black Jet black from root to tip with no traces of other colors.
Black and Tan Black body with tan markings on the eyebrows, cheeks, legs, and undersides.
Brindle A mixture of brown and black in a striped or mottled pattern.
White Pure white color with no other shades or markings.

Pekingese dogs have a luxurious double coat that requires regular grooming to keep it healthy and beautiful. The coat and colors of these dogs are part of their unique charm and beauty.

Temperament and Personality Traits of Pekingese

Pekingese dogs have a unique temperament and personality that sets them apart from other breeds. Dive into their world as we uncover the fascinating qualities that make them truly special. From their unwavering loyalty and protective nature to their fierce independence and stubbornness, we’ll explore what makes these dogs so distinct. Get ready to be charmed by their affectionate and devoted nature, as we delve into the intriguing world of Pekingese temperament and personality traits.

Loyal and Protective

Pekingese dogs are renowned for their loyal and protective nature. Here are some key characteristics that naturally showcase their loyalty and protective instincts:

  • Devoted companions: Pekingese dogs are incredibly loyal to their owners and form deep bonds with them.
  • Protective of their territory: They possess a natural instinct to safeguard their home and family members, which makes them outstanding watchdogs.
  • Alert and vigilant: Pekingese dogs are always attentive and quick to raise an alarm if they sense any potential danger.
  • Courageous and fearless: Despite their small stature, they display bravery and fearlessness, always ready to defend their loved ones if necessary.
  • Dedicated to their pack: Pekingese dogs exhibit immense protectiveness towards their own, including other pets or family members, exemplifying unwavering loyalty.

Fact: Pekingese were originally bred to be companions to Chinese imperial families, and their loyalty and protective nature made them highly valued and cherished.

Independent and Stubborn

Pekingese dogs are well-known for their independent and stubborn nature. They possess a strong will and can occasionally be resistant to training. When working with Pekingese dogs, it is important for owners to cultivate patience and consistency. Despite their stubbornness, these dogs are highly intelligent and can be effectively trained using positive reinforcement techniques. It is crucial for owners to establish clear boundaries and provide strong leadership to ensure their obedience. Pekingese dogs thrive in environments that offer structure and routine. They greatly benefit from mental stimulation and proper socialization, as it helps prevent potential behavioral issues. Understanding and acknowledging their independent and stubborn nature is vital for successfully raising and caring for a Pekingese dog.

Affectionate and Devoted

Pekingese dogs are well-known for their affectionate and devoted nature. They display key traits that highlight their affectionate and devoted nature, including:

  • Showering their owners with love and attention
  • Constantly seeking companionship and wanting to be near their owners
  • Being very loyal and protective towards their family
  • Expressing their affection through cuddling, licking, and staying by their owner’s side
  • Having a strong desire to please their owners and doing anything to make them happy

If you’re in search of a loving and devoted companion, the affectionate Pekingese breed is an excellent choice. Their loyalty and constant need for companionship make them a perfect match for individuals or families who have a lot of love to give.

Health and Care of Pekingese

Keeping your beloved Pekingese in the best shape possible requires proper health management and care. In this section, we’ll uncover common health issues that Pekingese may face, explore their grooming needs, and delve into their exercise requirements. Discover how to keep your Pekingese happy and thriving through expert insights and valuable tips. So, let’s dive into the world of Pekingese health and care and ensure your furry friend enjoys a vibrant and fulfilled life!

Common Health Issues

Pekingese dogs are prone to common health issues that prospective owners should be aware of. These common health issues include:

  • Respiratory Problems: Pekingese have short noses, which can lead to breathing difficulties and make them susceptible to overheating.
  • Eye Conditions: Pekingese are prone to common eye problems such as corneal ulcers, dry eye, and progressive retinal atrophy.
  • Joint and Bone Issues: Pekingese can develop common orthopedic problems like luxating patellas (dislocated kneecaps) and intervertebral disc disease.
  • Dental Problems: The breed is known for having common dental issues, including tooth decay and gum disease.

To ensure the well-being of a Pekingese, regular veterinary check-ups, proper dental care, and a healthy diet are vital. Providing a safe and comfortable living environment with moderate exercise is also beneficial for their overall health.

Grooming Needs

Proper grooming is essential for meeting the grooming needs of Pekingese dogs and ensuring they stay healthy and maintain a great appearance. Here are some important grooming needs to consider:

  • Coat Care: Pekingese have long, dense fur that necessitates regular brushing to prevent matting and shedding.
  • Bathing: To meet their grooming needs, Pekingese should be bathed every 4-6 weeks using a gentle dog shampoo.
  • Nail Trimming: Regularly trimming the nails of Pekingese is crucial to prevent overgrowth and discomfort.
  • Eye and Ear Cleaning: Since Pekingese are prone to eye and ear infections, regular cleaning is necessary to meet their grooming needs.

To ensure that your Pekingese dogs look their best, it is recommended to schedule regular grooming appointments with a professional groomer.

Exercise Requirements

Pekingese dogs have specific exercise requirements that need to be met for them to remain healthy and content. It is important to ensure that these needs are fulfilled.

  • Daily walks are highly beneficial for Pekingese dogs as they not only help in maintaining a healthy weight but also provide mental stimulation.
  • Engage in interactive play sessions with toys to keep these dogs mentally and physically stimulated.
  • During colder or rainy days, provide indoor games and puzzle toys to keep them active.
  • Pekingese dogs should be encouraged to socialize with other dogs and humans. Consider visiting parks or attending dog-friendly events.
  • Keep a close eye on their energy levels and adjust the exercise routine accordingly. It is worth noting that Pekingese dogs may not require as much exercise as more active breeds.

Training and Socialization of Pekingese

Training and Socialization of Pekingese - The dog breed Pekingese, information and characteristics

Photo Credits: Mydogface.Com by Jacob Nelson

Training and socialization are essential for the proper development of Pekingese dogs into well-behaved and well-adjusted pets. Here are some valuable tips to consider for the training and socialization of Pekingese:

– Initiate training early: Commence obedience training as soon as you bring your Pekingese puppy home.
– Maintain consistency: Consistently utilize positive reinforcement techniques to strengthen desired behaviors.
– Regularly socialize: Expose your Pekingese to a variety of people, animals, and situations to enhance their comfort and confidence.
– Prioritize their individual needs: Due to their stubborn nature, Pekingese require patience and gentle guidance.
– Seek professional assistance if necessary: If you face challenges during the training process, seek the expertise of a professional dog trainer.

Best Living Environment for Pekingese

Best Living Environment for Pekingese - The dog breed Pekingese, information and characteristics

Photo Credits: Mydogface.Com by Raymond Carter

To provide the best living environment for a Pekingese, consider the following:

  • Indoor living: Pekingeses are not well-suited for outdoor living due to their short snouts and sensitivity to extreme temperatures.
  • Climate control: Maintain a comfortable temperature in the home to prevent overheating or chilling.
  • Safe space: Create a designated area with a cozy bed, toys, and access to food and water.
  • Noisy environments: Pekingeses prefer quieter households as they can be easily startled by loud noises.
  • Exercise: Despite their small size, Pekingeses still require regular exercise through short walks or playtime indoors.

Is Pekingese the Right Breed for You?

Is Pekingese the Right Breed for You? - The dog breed Pekingese, information and characteristics

Photo Credits: Mydogface.Com by Justin Thomas

  • Choosing the right breed of dog is essential to determine if the Pekingese is the right breed for you.
  • Factors to consider when deciding if the Pekingese is the right breed for you include temperament, size, grooming needs, exercise needs, and health concerns.
  • Pekingese dogs are known for their affectionate, confident, and independent temperament.
  • Pekingese dogs are small in size, weighing around 6 to 14 pounds, which makes them suitable for apartment living.
  • Pekingese have long, flowing coats that require regular brushing to prevent matting. They may also need professional grooming.
  • While they enjoy daily walks, Pekingese are not highly active dogs and can be content with moderate exercise.
  • Pekingese are prone to certain health issues, including eye problems and respiratory difficulties.

Pro-tip: Before bringing a Pekingese into your home, make sure you have the time and dedication to meet their grooming needs.

Frequently Asked Questions

What are the characteristics of the Pekingese breed?

The Pekingese is a small dog breed with a regal bearing and a distinctive rolling gait. They have a compact toy companion size, a sturdy build, floppy ears, and a curled tail. Their crowning glory is their long, straight coat with a harsh texture and abundant soft undercoat. They have a shortened muzzle, prominent large eyes, and a “V” shaped nose wrinkle. The breed has an average weight range of 7-12 lbs and stands at a height of 7-8 inches at the withers.

What is the history of the Pekingese breed?

The Pekingese dogs were originally bred as companion dogs to the ruling classes of ancient China, specifically for the Chinese imperial family. They were considered sacred in China and symbols of royalty. They have a royal heritage and were brought to the Western world by British invaders in the 1860s.

What are the exercise and energy level requirements of the Pekingese?

The Pekingese has low exercise requirements and a laid-back energy level. They only need less than 20 minutes of exercise per day, making them well-suited for apartment living or homes with a small yard. They don’t require intense physical activity like running for miles and are content with short daily walks or playtime indoors.

What are the grooming needs of the Pekingese?

The Pekingese has overall grooming needs and requires serious maintenance to keep their beautiful coat in top condition. Their long, double coat requires regular brushing to prevent matting and occasional baths to keep it clean. Some owners also trim the fur above the eyes and clip the coat in hot weather. They shed seasonally, so regular grooming helps manage their hair.

Are Pekingese good with families and other pets?

Yes, Pekingese can be close companions and are known for their undying loyalty and affection towards their owners. They can be excellent house pets and get along well with loving families. However, they may not tolerate rough play, so it’s important to supervise interactions with young children. Proper socialization from a young age can help them get along with other pets.

Where can I find a reputable breeder or rescue organization for a Pekingese?

When looking for a Pekingese, it’s important to find a trusted expert who follows ethical breeding practices and prioritizes the health and well-being of the dogs. The American Kennel Club (AKC) and the United Kennel Club (UKC) are reputable sources that can provide information and connect you with responsible breeders. Additionally, there are rescue organizations dedicated to Pekingese dogs that can help you find a healthy and happy pup in need of a loving home.

Leave a Comment

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *